This week Pastor Shaun will be preaching Hebrews 4:14-5:10. I would encourage you to utilize the commentary we have provided you and study those passages of Scripture as you prepare to engage your heart and mind with this weekend’s service. Because Pastor Shaun has limited time on Sunday mornings, he can’t possibly communicate everything he would like to communicate about a passage. Therefore, my prayer is that this can supplement the parts of his sermon that he isn’t able to spend more time on. I wish to draw your attention to Hebrews 5:7-10 and give brief commentary so that you may interpret this passage of Scripture accurately. I will give commentary to each verse. The text states,
“In the days of his flesh, Jesus offered up prayers and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to him who was able to save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverence. Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered. And being made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him, being designated by God a high priest after the order of Melchizedek.”
Hebrews 5:7: “In the days of his flesh, Jesus offered up prayers and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to him who was able to save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverence.”
Most scholars agree that this is referring to Jesus’ prayer in the Garden of Gethsemane before his death (Matthew 26:36-46 for one gospel account). Here Jesus prayed to the Lord for the cup of death to pass from Him, but because of His reverence for God he concludes his prayer by saying, “… nevertheless, not as I will, but as you will.” The Hebraic author having just defended the deity of Christ in the previous verses in Hebrews is now defending the humanity of Christ. Christ prayed for God to deliver Him from death if there were any other way, but even more than that, he prayed for God’s will to be done- and it was. This is the significance of the Hebraic author saying that God the Father “heard” Jesus “because of his reverence.” The humanity of Christ experienced anguish leading up to His crucifixion. He however came to execute the will of God the Father and He was obedient “to the point of death, even death on a cross.” (Philippians 2:8).
Hebrews 5:8: “Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered.”
This verse should read “Son though he was, he learned obedience through what he suffered.” Sonship is the emphasis. Because Jesus is God, people did not expect Him to suffer and in the process of that suffering he was obedient to the will of God the Father. When our text says that Christ “learned obedience” it does not mean that He passed from disobedience to obedience. It means that Christ had the opportunity to perform obedience to God the Father in the flesh and when presented with the opportunity- he obeyed every time.
Hebrews 5:9: “And being made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him…”
This is very similar to the language of Christ learning obedience. Jesus did not pass from imperfect to perfect. Rather Christ had the opportunity to be perfect in the flesh and He did so. Only God would have the capacity to be fully man and fully perfect. This is the significance of Christ being 100% God and 100% man simultaneously. Because of Christ’s perfection through suffering, He is the source of salvation to all those who are His people. Who are His people? Those who repent of their sin and rest in the finished work of Christ; those who obey.
Hebrews 5:10: “…being designated by God a high priest after the order of Melchizedek.”
The author here reiterates that only Jesus Christ qualifies to be the high priest that sinful men need. Jesus qualifies because He is God, He is man, and as mentioned in the previous verses, He has on the job training. God, before the foundation of the world, ordained for Christ to be crucified for the payment of sins (Isaiah 53:10). Praise God for our High Priest!
Order of Service
Lord of All (Psalm 24:1)
Welcome and Announcements
Scripture Reading: Ephesians 1:3-10
You Loved Me Then (Ephesians 1:3-10)
Man of Sorrows (Isaiah 53:3)
Unashamed (Psalm 51:17)Sermon: Jesus, Our Great High Priest
Offertory: Jesus, I My Cross Have Taken (Matthew 16:24-26)